Campion, Nicholas. Philip P. Wiener, ed. New York: Scribner. James R. Lewis, Visible Ink Press. Online at Google Books. Hone, Margaret The Modern Text-Book of Astrology. Romford: L. ISBN 0- Riske, Kris Llewellyn's Complete Book of Astrology. Kremer, Richard North; A History of Western Astrology. Pelletier, Robert; Cataldo, Leonard Be Your Own Astrologer. Fenton, Sasha Rising Signs.
Aquarian Press. Luhrmann, Tanya Persuasions of the witch's craft: ritual magic in contemporary England. Harvard University Press. Subbarayappa, B. In Biswas, S. Cambridge University Press. The earliest Vedic astronomical text has the title, Vedanga Jyotis[h]a Pingree, David 18 December Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society. American Philosophical Society. Pingree, David The Transmission of Astrology". International Journal of the Classical Tradition.
Werner, Karel Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. Burgess, James October Pingree, David June Selin, Helaine, ed. Retrieved 22 July Veenstra, J. Hess, Peter M. Catholicism and science 1st ed. Westport: Greenwood. Saliba, George b. New York University Press. Brill, George Saliba, Avicenna: 'viii. Mathematics and Physical Sciences'. Livingston, John W.
Stravinskas, Our Sunday visitor's Catholic encyclopedia Rev. Huntington, Ind. Retrieved 8 July Culver, Roger B. Astrology True or False? Prometheus Books. McGrew, John H. Journal of Scientific Exploration.
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Jerome; Paul Kurtz In Patrick Grim. Philosophy of Science and the Occult. Allum, Nick 13 December Science Communication. Named after the 19th- century showman Phileas T. For example, the more birth detail is used in an astrological prediction or horoscope, the more credulous people tend to be Furnham, However, confirmation bias means that people do not tend to pay attention to other information that might disconfirm the credibility of the predictions. Nickerson, Raymond S. Nickerson Review of General Psychology.
CiteSeerX Eysenck, H. Astrology: Science or Superstition?. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. Gonzalez Cognitive biases. Amsterdam: North-Holland. Stephen Thornton, Edward N. Zalta older edition. Popper, Karl London: Routledge. The relevant piece is also published in Schick Jr, Theodore Cogan, Robert Critical Thinking: Step by Step.
Lanham, Md. Wright, Peter Social Studies of Science. Kuhn, Thomas Imre Lakatos; Alan Musgrave, eds. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Hurley, Patrick A concise introduction to logic 9th ed. Belmont, Calif. James, Edward W. Patrick Grim, ed. Philosophy of science and the occult.
Muller, Richard My former student Shawn Carlson published in Nature magazine the definitive scientific test of Astrology. Maddox, Sir John Smith, Jonathan C. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. Pont, Graham Nexus Network Journal. Gauquelin, Michel L'influence des astres: tude critique et exprimentale. Paris: ditions du Dauphin. Carroll, Robert Todd Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
Benski, Claude; et al. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books. Matthews, Robert 17 August The Telegraph. Retrieved 13 July Dean G. Journal of Consciousness Studies. Chris, French 7 February London: The Guardian. The Skeptic encyclopedia of pseudoscience. Tester, Page Charpak, Georges; Holland, Henri Broch Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 21 July Norton-Taylor, Richard 4 March Regan, Donald T. For the record: from Wall Street to Washington first ed. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. Quigley, Joan What does Joan say? Gorney, Cynthia 11 May The Washington Post.
Retrieved 17 July Truzzi, Marcello The Sociological Quarterly. Cary J. Sociological Analysis. Theodor W. Adorno Spring Moore, David W.
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Many Americans Mix Multiple Faiths. Retrieved 24 April Kaufman, Michael T. New York Times, 23 December Retrieved 12 May Dipankar Das. BBC News. Encyclopdia Britannica, Mohan Rao, Female foeticide: where do we go? Government of India, Department of Education. Retrieved 26 March Wedel, Theodore Otto . Although references to astrology were already frequent in the romances of the fourteenth century, these still retained the signs of being foreign importations. It was only in the fifteenth century that astrological similes and embellishments became a matter of course in the literature of England.
Such innovations, one must confess, were due far more to Chaucer than to Gower. Gower, too, saw artistic possibilities in the new astrological learning, and promptly used these in his retelling of the Alexander legendbut he confined himself, for the most part, to a bald rehearsal of facts and theories. It is, accordingly, as a part of the long encyclopaedia of natural science that he inserted into his Confessio Amantis, and in certain didactic passages of the Vox Clamantis and the Mirour de l'Omme, that Astrology figures most largely in his works Gower's sources on the subject of astrology De Lacy, Hugh October The Journal of English and Germanic Philology.
Camden Carroll, Jr. April Halstead, Frank G. July Hispanic Review. Steiner, Arpad August Modern Philology. Continuum Books, pp. Adams, Noah 10 September Retrieved 13 June Vaughan, David Ashton Archive. Archived from the original on 14 May Centre for New Zealand Music. Paglia, Camille. Sex, Art, and American Culture: Essays. Penguin Books, , p.
Catton, Eleanor. The Guardian. Retrieved 10 December Sources Barton, Tamsyn Ancient Astrology. An Introduction to the History of Astrology. Holden, James Herschel A History of Horoscopic Astrology 2nd ed. ISBN 8. Kay, Richard Dante's Christian Astrology. Middle Ages Series. University of Pennsylvania Press. Long, A. In Barnes, Jonathan; Brunschwig, J.
Science and Speculation. Parker, Derek; Parker, Julia A history of astrology. Robbins, Frank E. Ptolemy Tetrabiblos. Tester, S. A History of Western Astrology. Wedel, Theodore Otto Wood, Chauncey Princeton University Press. Further reading Forer, Bertram R. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology. PMID Osborn, M. Time and the Astrolabe in The Canterbury Tales. University of Oklahoma Press. Thorndike, Lynn External links Digital International Astrology Library ancient astrological works Carl Sagan on Astrology The most complete bibliography exclusively devoted to astrology www.
Astrological symbols From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Symbols used in astrology overlap with those used in astronomy because of the historical overlap between the two subjects. Frequently used symbols include signs of the zodiac and for the classical planets. These have their origin in medieval Byzantine astronomy, but in their current form are a product of the European Renaissance. Other symbols for astrological aspects are used in various astrological traditions. Contents 1 History and origin 2 Meanings of the symbols 2.
History and origin Symbols for the classical planets, zodiac signs, aspects, lots, and the lunar nodes appear in the medieval Byzantine codices in which many ancient horoscopes were preserved. Maunder finds antecedents of the planetary symbols in earlier sources, used to represent the gods associated with the classical planets.
Bianchini's planisphere, produced in the 2nd century, shows Greek personifications of planetary gods charged with early versions of the planetary symbols: Mercury has a caduceus; Venus has, attached to her necklace, a cord connected to another necklace; Mars, a spear; Jupiter, a staff; Saturn, a scythe; the Sun, a circlet with rays radiating from it; and the Moon, a headdress with a crescent attached.
Symbols for Uranus and Neptune were created shortly after their discovery. For Uranus, two variant symbols are seen. One symbol, , invented by J. Khler and refined by Bode, was intended to represent the newly discovered metal platinum; since platinum, sometimes confused with white gold, was found by chemists mixed with iron, the symbol for platinum combines the alchemical symbols for iron, , and gold,.
In a letter to Herschel, Lalande described it as "un globe surmont par la premire lettre de votre nom" "a globe surmounted by the first letter of your name". Firstly, they were listed as planets, and half a century later, renamed as Asteroids. Shortly after Giuseppe Piazzi's discovery of Ceres, a group of astronomers ratified the name, proposed by the discoverer, and chose the sickle as a symbol of the planet.
The modern astrological symbol for Vesta was created by Eleanor Bach, who is credited with pioneering the use of the Big Four asteroids with the publication of her Ephemerides of the Asteroids. Olbers, having previously discovered and named one new planet as the asteroids were then classified , gave Gauss the honor of naming his newest discovery.
Gauss decided to name the planet for the goddess Vesta, and also specified that the symbol should be the altar of the goddess with the sacred fire burning on it. Pluto, like Uranus, has two symbols in use. One symbol, a monogram of the letters PL which could be interpreted to stand for Pluto or for astronomer Percival Lowell , was announced with the name of the new planet by the discoverers on May 1, This symbol is described by Dane Rudhyar as "suggest[ing] the planetary character of the Pluto mind by the circle, floating above the open cup.
The symbol for the centaur Chiron, a key with the letter K for discoverer Charles T. Kowal was proposed by astrologer Al Morrison, who presented the symbol as "an inspiration shared amongst Al H. Morrison, Joelle K. Mahoney, and Marlene Bassoff. The symbol for retrograde motion is , a capital R with a tail stroke. Divine spirit circle surrounding seed of Sun Solar symbol circled dot potential. Mind or evolving human spirit through Moon A crescent receptivity crescent. Mind crescent poised over divine spirit circle Mercury Mercury's winged helmet and caduceus and matter cross.
Venus Hand mirror or necklace seeVenus symbol Divine spirit circle over matter cross. Earth; a Solar symbol sun cross Planet Earth the cardinal directions. Earth Earth; a Solar symbol alternate symbol cf. Globus cruciger. Mars Mars's shield and spear. Drive arrow over divine spirit circle. Scythe handle down , emblematic ofCeres as A stylized sickle, a crescent of receptivity resting Ceres goddess of the Harvest. Mind crescent rising above the horizon of Jupiter Jupiter's thunderbolt or eagle matter cross.
Matter cross taking precedence over mind or Saturn Saturn's sickle human spirit crescent. The circle of spirit and a dominant cross of H in symbol taken from discoverer's last name, matter, in form of an antenna that uses matter as Herschel a way to insight. Uranus Astronomical glyph often used astrologically. Derived from a combination of the Mars and Drive over a divine spirit circle surrounding Sun symbols seed of potential.
Mind or receptivity crescent transcending Neptune Neptune's trident matter cross. Pluto's Cap of invisibility the circle and a Mind crescent transcending matter cross to bident the arc under the circle , also a typical reach for divine spirit circle Pluto attribute of Pluto. Aries Ram Face and horns of ram. Taurus Bull Face and horns of bull.
Gemini Joined couple Companion. Cancer Crab Connection to both material and spiritual worlds. A script form of the Greek letter "lambda", which is the first letter of the Leo Lion Greek word leon, which means "lion". Derived from the Greek letters , which are the first three letters of the Virgo Virgin Greek word parthenos, which means "virgin". Libra Scale Scales. Scorpio Scorpion Stinger of a scorpion. Sagittarius Archer Arrow of the centaur, aiming to higher realms.
Sea-goat or Capricorn Body and head of a goat with the tail of a fish or face and horns of goat. Aquarius Waterbearer Ripples of water, disruption. Pisces Fish Two fish tied together yet swimming in opposite directions. Two or more planets in the same sign. Conjunction 0 A circle with a line implying two objects are in the same place also, the starting point of an angle. One sign apart. Semisextile 30 The intersecting lines from the inner angles of the upper half of a hexagon see Sextile.
Two signs apart Sextile 60 The intersecting lines from the inner angles of ahexagon. Sesquiquadrate The glyph of the Semi-Square under the glyph of the Square, implying the sum of them both. Quincunx The intersecting lines from the inner angles of the lower half of a hexagon see Sextile. Six signs apart. Opposition The glyph of the Conjunction plus a circle on top of its line, implying two objects are in front opposed of each other.
New moon Denotes the new moon or a soli-lunar arc in the range Crescent moon Denotes a waxing crescent moon or a soli-lunar arc in the range First quarter moon Denotes a first quarter moon or a soli-lunar arc in the range Gibbous moon Denotes a waxing gibbous moon or a soli-lunar arc in the range Full moon Denotes a full moon or a soli-lunar arc in the range Disseminating moon Denotes a waning gibbous moon or a soli-lunar arc in the range Last quarter moon Denotes a last quarter moon or a soli-lunar arc in the range Balsamic moon Denotes a waning crescent moon or a soli-lunar arc in the range Ascending Lunar Not all astrologers use the lunar nodes; however , their usage is very important inVedic Node node astrology.
The two Descending Lunar nodes together are most commonly referred to simply as thenodal axis, the lunar nodes, or Node node the Moon's nodes. The traditional Black Moon Lilith is the position of the mean lunarapogee as measured from Black the geocenter; variants of the Black Moon include replacing the mean orbit with a "true" Lunar Moon osculating orbit or with an interpolated orbit; charting the empty focus of the Moon's orbit apogee Lilith instead of the apogee; and measuring the desired point'sbarycentric or topocentric position instead of its geocentric position. Apparent Retrograde retrograde Symbol represents the apparent retrograde motion of a planet in anastrological chart motion motion.
Different comets often use different symbols, but the use of comets is not widespread in Comet Comet mainstream astrology. A spear variant has triangle on top 2 Pallas Asteroid Alchemical symbol for sulfur both variants see also Asteroids in astrology. A serpent coiled around Asclepius' rod 10 Hygiea Asteroid Two serpents coiled around the rod. Alternative astrological symbol.
Lot of Lot Glyph for planet Earth rotated 45 degrees. An Eye of Providence; proposed by astrologerZane B. The Hand of Eris; also used non-astrologically byDiscordians. Dwarf Combination of the Hawaiian petroglyphs for woman and birthchild, asHaumea was the Haumea planet goddess of them.
It consists of the symbols of theInuktitut syllabics for 'sa' and 'n', since in this language Small Sedna Sedna is written as 'Sanna'. Besides, it resembles the shape of a marine animal body leaping from the water, in alussion to the myth ofSedna, the Inuit sea goddess. Small sharp rock art of the Tongva people, in whose mythology it is present the creator god Quaoar , Quaoar  body and the letter Q and a canoe.
Scattered Simplified representation of a hurricane, as in Greek mythology yphon T was a divine Typhon disk object monster that could create hurricanes with his wings. Neugebauer, Otto A history of ancient mathematical astronomy. Neugebauer, Otto; Van Hoesen, H. Greek Horoscopes. Jones, Alexander That for Jupiter is an obvious monogram derived from the initial letter of the Greek name. Saturn's has a similar derivation [ The ideal form of Mars' symbol is uncertain, and perhaps not related to the later circle with an arrow through it.
Mercury's is a stylized caduceus. Retrieved Maunder, A. The Observatory. Bode, J. Gould, B. Smithsonian Institution. Francisca Herschel Carlini, Francesco Slipher, V. Rudhyar, Dane The Planets and their Symbols. Morrison, Al H. CAO Times. Randall, Sidney Lilly, William A chart with by a retrograde Jupiter appears on p. Booth, Janet Smith, Frances Gurney, ed. Behari, Bepin Rudhyar, Dane. Meyer, Michael R. Revilla, Juan Antonio. Stein, Zane. Chiron and Friends Eris. Seltzer, Henry. Hail Eris! External links Astrological symbols for asteroids often different from the astronomical ones.
This page was last edited on 28 August , at Astrological aspect From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In astrology, an aspect is an angle the planets make to each other in the horoscope, also to the ascendant, midheaven, descendant, lower midheaven, and other points of astrological interest. Aspects are measured by the angular distance in degrees and minutes of ecliptic longitude between two points, as viewed from Earth. According to astrological tradition, they indicate the timing of transitions and developmental changes in the lives of people and affairs relative to the Earth.
As an example, if an astrologer creates a horoscope that shows the apparent positions of the celestial bodies at the time of a person's birth a natal chart , and the angular distance between Mars and Venus is 92 of arc, the chart is said to have the aspect "Venus square Mars" with an orb of 2 i. The more exact an aspect, the stronger or more dominant it is said to be in shaping character or manifesting change. The astrological aspects are noted in the central circle of thisnatal chart, where the different colors and symbols distinguish between the different aspects, such as thesquare red or trine green.
Contents 1 Approach 2 Major aspects 2. Approach In medieval astrology, certain aspects, like certain planets, were considered to be either favorable benefic or unfavorable malefic. Modern usage places less emphasis on these fatalistic distinctions. The more modern but still unscientific approach to astrological aspects is exemplified by research on astrological harmonics, of which John Addey was a major proponent, and which Johannes Kepler earlier advocated in his book Harmonice Mundi in But even in modern times, the aspects are divided into hard aspects or easy aspects.
Major hard aspects being the square and opposition and the easy aspects as trine and sextile. The conjunction can be in either category depending on the planets that are connected. A list of aspects below presents their angular values and a recommended orb for each aspect. The orbs are subject to variation, depending on the need for detail and personal preferences. Major aspects The traditional major aspects are sometimes called Ptolemaic aspects since they were defined and used by Ptolemy in the 1st Century, AD. These aspects are the conjunction 0 , sextile 60 , square 90 , trine , and opposition The major aspects are those that can be used to divide evenly and are divisible by 10 with the exception of the semi-sextile.
A conjunction abrv. Con is an angle of approximately An orb of approximately 10 is usually considered a conjunction, however if neither the Sun or Moon is involved, some consider the conjunction to have a maximum distance of only about This is said to be the most powerful aspect, intensifying the effects of the involved planets mutually and being a major point in the chart. If the planets are under stress from other configurations, then the conjunction will be said to intensify the stress.
When a planet is in very close conjunction to the Sun it is referred to as cazimi; when a planet is moderately close to the Sun, it is said to be combust. The Sun and Moon are in conjunction monthly during the New Moon. A separation orb of is considered a sextile. The sextile has been traditionally said to be similar in influence to the trine, but of less significance.
It indicates ease of communication between the two elements involved, with compatibility and harmony between them, but only provides opportunity, requiring effort to gain its benefits. See information on the semisextile below. A square abrv. An orb of somewhere between 5 and 10 is usually allowed. As with the trine and the sextile, in the square, it is usually the outer or superior planet that has an effect on the inner or inferior one.
Basically, the square's energy is similar to that of a trine but it is intensified to such an extent that the energy is said to be stressful. A trine abbrev. The trine indicates harmony and ease. The trine is a source of artistic and creative talent, which is innate. The trine has been traditionally assumed to be extremely beneficial. An opposition abrv. Oppositions are said to be the second most powerful aspect. It resembles the conjunction although the difference between them is that the opposition causes exaggeration as it is not unifying like the conjunction but instead exalted.
An orb of It indicates constant interaction between the planets involved and one building on the energy of the other, but planets and signs involved must be considered. An orb of is allowed. It indicates a strong flow of energy between dimensions of life represented by the planets involved, often in a compulsive or annoying manner. Declinations The parallel and antiparallel or contraparallel are two other aspects, which refer to degrees of declination above or below the celestial equator. They are considered strong influences, though not much research has gone into studying these particular aspects.
Parallel: same degree 1-degree minutes of arc. This is similar to a conjunction, but usually provides benefits. Contraparallel: opposite degree 1-degree minute of arc. Said to be similar to the opposition, but weaker. Buckwalter, Eleanor. This page was last edited on 9 March , at Natal astrology From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Natal astrology, also known as genethliacal astrology, is the system of astrology based on the concept that each individual's personality or path in life can be determined by constructing a natal chart for the exact date, time, and locations of that individual's birth.
Natal astrology can be found in the Indian or Jyotish, Chinese and Western astrological traditions. In horoscopic astrology an individual's personality is determined by the construction of the horoscope or birth chart for the particular individual involved known as the native , showing the positions of the sun, moon, planets, ascendant, midheaven, and the angles or aspects among them.
Once the horoscope has been constructed the process of interpretation can begin, which involves building a complete picture of the personality of the subject, or native. Interpretation involves three main steps: noting the important features of the chart, and the processes of chart weighting and chart shaping. Chart weighting involves noting the distribution of zodiac signs and houses in the chart, and the significance of this to the overall personality of the native. Chart shaping involves assessing the placement of the planets by aspect and position in the chart, and noting any significant patterns which occur between them.
Astrology is generally considered a pseudoscience by the scientific community. What little statistical evidence exists fails to show a causation between natal birth charts and real world consequences. Contents 1 Important features 2 Chart weighting 2. Important features The important features of every chart that the astrologer must give special attention to are the positions of the sun and moon by sign and house; the sign on the ascendant, and the planet that rules that sign, called the ascendant ruler or chart ruler.
Also important is the first planet to occupy the first, second, or third houses after the ascendant. Called the rising planet it will be particularly strong in the chart. If no planet occupies the first three houses, then a planet in the twelfth house close to the ascendant can be taken to be the rising planet. Planets that are in conjunction to right beside the primary angles of ascendant, midheaven, descendant, or IC known as angular planets must also be especially considered. For example, a large number of planets appearing in fire signs will give importance or 'weight' to fire sign attributes in the native's personality.
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Chart weighting by sign lists the zodiac signs by three main categories - by masculine or feminine signs; by element fire, earth, air and water and by quality cardinal, fixed and mutable. Some astrologers use all ten or eleven planets in the list and nothing else; while others include the ascendant and midheaven, but exclude the modern planets Uranus, Neptune and Pluto on the grounds that their influence is felt by whole generations and so their position by sign cannot have much significance in the individual chart.
A native with these signs predominating will tend towards extroversion, confidence and assertiveness, and have the ability to solve problems with courage and enterprise. A native with these signs predominating will tend towards introversion, shyness and passivity, and have the ability to nurture, conserve and solve problems by intuitive means. Fire : The fire signs are Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius. A native with mainly fire signs will be energetic, enthusiastic and optimistic, with a need to be in the center of the action making things happen.
They can be egotistical, headstrong and sometimes arrogant, but also can be generous, warm-hearted, and spontaneously kind. Fire subjects are independent and prefer to have control over their own lives, but they can also be sometimes autocratic. A subject lacking fire signs will be fearful or over-cautious, pessimistic and shy, and will lack enthusiasm, confidence and faith in the future. Planets in the 1st, 5th and 9th houses and an emphasis on cardinal signs in the chart will help to compensate for this lack. Earth : The earth signs are Taurus, Virgo, and Capricorn.
A native with mainly earth signs will be practical and cautious, sensible and capable and will be happier with concrete things than abstract ideas. They move slowly and carry out their work in a thorough and unhurried manner. Earth subjects are shrewd and careful and need emotional and material security, and will put up with quite a lot to get it. They are generous to those they love, but are otherwise careful not to waste time or money, though there can be a tendency towards meanness. Earth subjects tend to be shy in social situations, and to be slow to commit in love relationships, but are serious when they do.
A subject lacking earth signs will lack common sense and practicality and find it difficult to finish anything they start. They may be scatty, unrealistic and clumsy, hopeless with money and unreliable. Planets in the 2nd, 6th and 10th houses and an emphasis on fixed signs in the chart will help to compensate for this lack. Air : The air signs are Gemini, Libra, and Aquarius.
A native with mainly air signs will be an excellent communicator, concerned with ideas and theories of all kinds. They are looking for answers to life's questions and make good teachers and writers. Air people are more tense than they appear at first sight and may live on their nerves. They have many friends and acquaintances but may not be particularly interested in family life. They are interested in the latest technologies and are able to do a number of things at once.
Air subjects are also very imaginative and quick-witted, but may be sarcastic and rude. A subject lacking air signs will have little imagination and lightness of touch. They have an over-emphasis on practicalities and can lack a sense of humour, and be boring company. They can find it difficult to communicate or to assimilate and explain new ideas. Planets in the 3rd, 7th and 11th houses, and an emphasis on mutable signs in the chart will help to compensate for this lack.
Water: The water signs are Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces. A native with mainly water signs will be very emotional and find it hard to look at anything dispassionately. They tend to respond slowly to questions and need time to grasp a new concept. Water subjects can find it difficult to explain their feelings, and so can be difficult to live with, but they are also kind and sympathetic to those they love.
They need to give and receive a lot of affection and will direct it towards family, close friends and animals. A subject lacking water may lack intuition and be unable to see the needs of others. They may be too full of ideas or too fond of the material world to consider their own spiritual needs or those of other people. Planets in the 4th, 8th and 12th houses in the chart will help to compensate for this lack. A native with mainly cardinal signs will not want to be held under anybody's thumb, and will need to take charge of their own world. Their attention may be concerned with themselves or others, but wherever their energies are directed it is difficult to deflect them from their chosen course.
Cardinal signs in a chart will add courage, initiative and self-motivation. Cardinal subjects are hard to influence because they generally believe they know best. A subject lacking cardinal signs may feel they are never in control of their own lives, but are manipulated by people and circumstances beyond their control. They may lack courage and initiative and may prefer others to make decisions for them. Planets in the 1st, 4th, 7th and 10th houses, and an emphasis on fire and air signs in the chart will help to compensate for this lack. A native with mainly fixed signs has the strength and endurance to see things through and to uphold the status quo.
They need stable homes, careers and partnerships and prefer the known to uncertainty. Fixed subjects are loyal and dependable but can be very obstinate. A subject lacking fixed signs cannot stick with anything or see anything through, and will tend to walk away from problems. They may be too easily bored or too busy chasing rainbows ever to make anything substantial happen. Planets in the 2nd, 5th, 8th and 11th houses, or an emphasis on earth in the chart will help to compensate for this lack.
A native with mainly mutable signs are adaptable, co-operative and friendly. They can fit into almost any situation, put up with anything and turn any situation to their advantage. Mutable people can steer projects through periods of transition and bring them to a successful conclusion.
Although gentle and likeable, mutable subjects seem to have more than their fair share of problems and can be selfish and ruthless when they feel threatened. These subjects may devote their lives to helping others, but they can often paradoxically be surprisingly selfish at the same time. Subjects lacking mutable signs may be unable to adapt to any kind of change and be particularly unhappy when faced with uncertainty. They need lots of notice before they will commit themselves to anything, and lack flexibility and adaptability.
They may also hold onto rigid and unchanging views. Planets in the 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th houses will help to compensate for this lack, and water signs in the chart will make up for the lack of intuition. Some astrologers summarise the process of weighting by sign through creating what is called the chart signature.
So for example, if a person has more fire signs than any other element, and more fixed signs than any other quality, then that person's signature is Leo the sign which is both fire and fixed. In some cases there is no clear majority in either element or quality to give a clear signature. In these cases the ruling planet of the sun is noted for its position in the chart alternatively, the ascendant can be added at this stage if it has not already been included. So for example, if the Sun is in Taurus, its ruling planet Venus is noted for its position by sign. If Venus is in, say, Pisces, then an additional 'casting vote' is given to the element water and quality mutable.
This is usually enough to provide a signature. A 'casting vote' is given in this way on account of the extra importance of the Sun in the natal chart. The signature sign is regarded by those astrologers who use it as frequently having an over-riding influence in the natal chart, irrespective of what sign the sun or ascendant occupies.
Weighting by house Angular houses : These are the 1st, 4th, 7th, and 10th houses. Planets in these houses exert a strong influence on the subject, and may compensate for a lack of cardinal signs, and strength, courage and enthusiasm elsewhere in the chart. Succedent houses : These are the 2nd, 5th, 8th and 11th houses. These houses are concerned with possessions and creative pursuits, either by those of the subject alone, or with others.
Planets in these houses may help to compensate for a lack of fixed signs in the chart. Cadent houses : These are the 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th houses. Planets in these houses have a lot to do with the subject developing their own unique talents and aptitudes; and may compensate for a lack of mutable signs, and general adaptability in the chart. Chart shaping Chart shaping involves examining the placement of the planets in the chart by the aspects they form and by their positioning in the chart relative to one another. Any significant patterns or 'shapes' which occur in the chart are then interpreted for their importance to the personality of the native.
While the astrologer must note every aspect formed by the planets, aspects can be grouped together into larger patterns which must be given particular attention in the chart. The main aspect patterns are as follows: The ascendant in this sample chart is Stellium: At least three planets linked together in a series of marked Asc and is in the traditional nine continuous conjunctions. The planets will act as if they are all in o'clock position of thehoroscope conjunction with each other, even if not all of them actually are. This pattern gives a huge emphasis to the sign occupied by the planets, regardless of the sun sign.
Grand trine: Three trine aspects together. Indicative of a person at ease with him or herself, with strong inner harmony, talents and abilities. However it may make a person unable to cope with any real adversity, and may produce a weak, apathetic and condescending character. Grand cross: Two pairs of opposing planets squared to each other. Often proves to be a "make or break" pattern; either the person develops unusual strength of character, or feels crushed by life.
Person will have "a cross to bear". T-Square: Two planets in opposition squared to a third. The tension typical of the opposition aspect is aggravated by additional problems introduced by the third planet. Often an obstructive feature blocking the normal flow of behaviour of the person. In astrology, a planet's domicile or less commonly house, not to be confused with the astrological house system is the zodiac sign over which it has rulership.
Doseon Guksa a. Dr Benjamin Twist is a recurring fictional character who appears in several films featuring comedian Will Hay, who portrays the character in all mediums. Dreamcliq is an online dating site where users create profiles using personal and curated imagery to illustrate their interests. Dysrationalia is defined as the inability to think and behave rationally despite adequate intelligence.
It is unclear whether a form of Early Irish astrology existed prior to contact with Western astrology, as the earliest Irish language sources are simply translations from standard Western sources. The following article is part of an in-depth biography of Isaac Newton, the English mathematician and scientist, author of the Principia. The earliest known world maps date to classical antiquity, the oldest examples of the 6th to 5th centuries BCE still based on the flat Earth paradigm.
The Earthly Branches or Twelve Branches are an ordering system used throughout East Asia in various contexts, including its ancient dating system, astrological traditions, and zodiac. Ebenezer Sibly — was an English physician, astrologer and writer on the occult. The ecliptic coordinate system is a celestial coordinate system commonly used for representing the apparent positions and orbits of Solar System objects. Edda Paukson born 10 February and Eduard Paukson 29 October — 4 September were a couple of prominent Estonian astrologers.
Edmund Chilmead — 19 February was an English writer and translator, who produced both scholarly works and hack-writing. Edmund Weaver c. The first documented school in Lithuania was established in at Vilnius Cathedral. Edward Wright baptised 8 October ; died November was an English mathematician and cartographer noted for his book Certaine Errors in Navigation ; 2nd ed. Steinbrecher and mother Helen Clara Siska Steinbrecher. Eleanor Emmons Maccoby born May 15, , in Tacoma, Washington is an American psychologist who is most recognized for her research and scholarly contributions to the field of child and family psychology.
Electional astrology, also known as event astrology, is a branch found in most traditions of astrology in which a practitioner decides the most appropriate time for an event based on the astrological auspiciousness of that time. Elias Ashmole 23 May — 18 May was an English antiquary, politician, officer of arms, astrologer and student of alchemy.
Elijah, Eliya, or Elias of Nisibis 11February — 18July was a Nestorian cleric who served as bishop of Beth Nuhadra — and archbishop of Nisibis — Elsbeth Ebertin May 14, — November 28, was a German graphic artist, writer and astrologer. Emery Molyneux died June was an English Elizabethan maker of globes, mathematical instruments and ordnance. Williams, "identifies, defines and explains terms and concepts related to the world of "almost science".
Energy quality is the contrast between different forms of energy, the different trophic levels in ecological systems and the propensity of energy to convert from one form to another. England in the Late Middle Ages concerns the history of England during the late medieval period, from the thirteenth century, the end of the Angevins, and the accession of Henry III — considered by many to mark the start of the Plantagenet dynasty — until the accession to the throne of the Tudor dynasty in , which is often taken as the most convenient marker for the end of the Middle Ages and the start of the English Renaissance and early modern Britain.
England in the Middle Ages concerns the history of England during the medieval period, from the end of the 5th century through to the start of the Early Modern period in In astronomy and celestial navigation, an ephemeris plural: ephemerides gives the positions of naturally occurring astronomical objects as well as artificial satellites in the sky at a given time or times. Equal-Armed Cross, also referred to as the square cross, the balanced cross, and the peaceful cross, is a name for the Greek Cross when this is found in ancient cultures, predating Christianity.
In physics, equations of motion are equations that describe the behavior of a physical system in terms of its motion as a function of time. In astrology, the Equatorial Ascendant, or the East Point, is the sign and degree rising over the Eastern Horizon at the Earth's equator at any given time. Ernst Bernhard was a German Jungian psychoanalyst, pediatrician and astrologer. This article gives an overview of esoteric movements in Germany and Austria between and , presenting Theosophy, Anthroposophy and Ariosophy, among others, against the influences of earlier European esotericism.
In philosophy, eternal oblivion also referred to as non-existence or nothingness is the permanent cessation of one's consciousness upon death. Eupolemus is the earliest Hellenistic Jewish historian whose work survives only in five fragments or possibly six fragments in Eusebius of Caesarea's Praeparatio Evangelica hereafter abbreviated as Praep. Eusebius of Emesa ca. In electional astrology, an event chart is a horoscope that is cast for the date, time and place of a particular event. Aimee Semple McPherson was widely known for her work in faith healing ministries.
Fangshi was a category of Chinese technical specialists that flourished from the third century BCE to the fifth century CE. Fantastique is a French term for a literary and cinematic genre that overlaps with science fiction, horror, and fantasy. Farmers' Almanac is an annual North American periodical that has been in continuous publication since The comic book stories published by Marvel Comics since the s have featured several noteworthy concepts besides its fictional characters, such as unique places and artifacts.
Feng shui pronounced , also known as Chinese geomancy, is a pseudoscience originating from China, which claims to use energy forces to harmonize individuals with their surrounding environment. Fish play many roles in human culture, from their economic importance in the fishing industry and fish farming, to recreational fishing, folklore, mythology, religion, art, literature, and film. In astrology, fixed signs are associated with stabilization, determination, depth and persistence. Flipism, sometimes written as "Flippism," is a pseudophilosophy under which all decisions are made by flipping a coin.
A folk taxonomy is a vernacular naming system, and can be contrasted with scientific taxonomy. The four kingdoms of Daniel are four kingdoms which, according to the Book of Daniel, precede the "end-time" and the "Kingdom of God". The Four Pillars of Destiny is a Chinese astrological concept that a person's destiny or fate can be divined by the two sexagenary cycle characters assigned to their birth year, month, day, and hour.
The Fra Mauro map, "considered the greatest memorial of medieval cartography", is a map of the world made around by the Italian cartographer Fra Mauro. Francesco Cigalini — 5 July was an Italian humanist, physician and astrologer. Francesco Sizzi, an Italian astronomer who lived during the 17th century, is credited with being the first to notice the annual movement of sunspots.
Francis Moore 29 January — was a British physician and astrologer who wrote and published Old Moore's Almanack. Frank Pearce Sturm — was an English poet and translator, known for his translations of Baudelaire; his short poem Still-heart is a popular favourite. Frank P. Stallone Jr. Francesco "Frank" Stallone Sr.
Fraternitas Saturni lat. Gregor A. Gregorius and four others. Occulta is a magical organization and "Aquarian Age" mystery school in the Western Mystery Tradition. A freak is someone with something strikingly unusual about their appearance or behaviour. Myanmar has been under the rule of repressive authoritarian military regimes since Freedom of thought also called freedom of conscience or ideas is the freedom of an individual to hold or consider a fact, viewpoint, or thought, independent of others' viewpoints.
Freethought or "free thought" is a philosophical viewpoint which holds that positions regarding truth should be formed on the basis of logic, reason, and empiricism, rather than authority, tradition, revelation, or dogma. A fringe theory is an idea or viewpoint which differs from the accepted scholarship in its field.
Fugglestone St Peter was a small village, manor, and civil parish in Wiltshire, England, lying between the town of Wilton and the city of Salisbury. In demonology, Furcas also spelled Forcas is a Knight of Hell the rank of Knight is unique to him , and rules 20 legions of demons.
A galactic quadrant, or quadrant of the Galaxy, is one of four circular sectors in the division of the Milky Way Galaxy. Galileo Galilei 15 February Drake , p. The date of Galileo's birth is given according to the Julian calendar, which was then in force throughout Christendom. In it was replaced in Italy and several other Catholic countries with the Gregorian calendar.
Unless otherwise indicated, dates in this article are given according to the Gregorian calendar. Gan De fl. Ganak is a title used in some areas of India, such as Assam and Odisha, for astrologers. Rishi Saint Garga was one of the most revered Vedic sages in ancient India, who was a preeminent scholar and a major benefactor to the field of Ayurveda. Gautama Siddha, fl. In the field of astrology, generational planets are planets that affect an entire generation of people.
The Generations of Noah or Table of Nations of the Hebrew Bible is a genealogy of the sons of Noah and their dispersion into many lands after the Flood, focusing on the major known societies. George A. Hart fl. George Joseph Hrab born June 8, in Belleville, New Jersey is a drummer, guitarist, composer and podcaster known for performing rock, funk and jazz and for exploring atheist, skeptic and science themes in his work. George Tyrrell SJ 6 February — 15 July was an Irish Jesuit priest until his expulsion from the Society and a modernist theologian and scholar.
Gerard died 21 May was Archbishop of York between and and Lord Chancellor of England from until Gerard of Cremona Latin: Gerardus Cremonensis; c. Gerardus Mercator 5 March — 2 December was a 16th-century German-Flemish cartographer, geographer and cosmographer. Gerina Dunwich born December 27, , Illinois, United States is a professional astrologer, occult historian, and New Age author, best known for her books on Wicca and various occult subjects. Giambattista della Porta ? Giorgio Mainerio ca. Giovanni Antonio Magini in Latin, Maginus 13 June — 11 February was an Italian astronomer, astrologer, cartographer, and mathematician.
Giovanni Domenico Cassini 8 June — 14 September was an Italian naturalised French mathematician, astronomer and engineer. Giovanni Dondi dell'Orologio c. Giovanni Marliani was an Italian physicist, doctor, philosopher and astrologer who was born and lived during the Late Medieval period in northern Italy. Giovanni Pico della Mirandola 24 February — 17 November was an Italian Renaissance nobleman and philosopher. Gireesh Puthenchery 1 May — 10 February was a noted Malayalam lyricist and screenwriter. Glastonbury is a town and civil parish in Somerset, England, situated at a dry point on the low-lying Somerset Levels, south of Bristol.
The Glenville shootout was a gun battle which occurred on the night of July 23—24, , in the Glenville section of Cleveland, Ohio, in the United States. Petersburg in Russia. Weschcke and Llewellyn Publications from through , held in Minneapolis, Minnesota, one of the first such to be held in the United States.
Golagrama is a village or region in India associated with several medieval Indian astronomers, astrologers and mathematicians. Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au from aurum and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally. Ronald Reagan was the Governor of California for two terms, the first beginning in and the second in Gowri MN born 30 August is an Indian sand artist from Mysore, Karnataka who has been working with sand for over seven years.
In astrology, a Grand Cross is said to occur when four planets are all separated from each other by Square aspects 90 degrees apart. Graphology or graphoanalysis, but not graphanalysis is the analysis of the physical characteristics and patterns of handwriting claiming to be able to identify the writer, indicating psychological state at the time of writing, or evaluating personality characteristics.
Great Linford is a historic village, district and civil parish in the northern part of Milton Keynes, England, between Wolverton and Newport Pagnell. A grimoire is a textbook of magic, typically including instructions on how to create magical objects like talismans and amulets, how to perform magical spells, charms and divination, and how to summon or invoke supernatural entities such as angels, spirits, and demons.
Guido Bonatti died between and was an Italian mathematician, astronomer and astrologer, who was the most celebrated astrologer of the 13th century. Fritz Gunter Sachs 14 November — 7 May was a German photographer, author, industrialist, and latterly head of an institute that researched claims of astrology.
Halloween III: Season of the Witch is a American science fiction horror film and the third installment in the ''Halloween'' film series. As his name indicates, Haman was a descendant of Agag, the king of the Amalekites, a people who were wiped out in certain areas by King Saul and David. Allusions in rabbinic literature to the Biblical character of Haman, the anti-Jewish villain of the Book of Esther, contain various expansions, elaborations and inferences beyond what is presented in the text of the Bible itself.
Hansmukh Rathod born is an astrologer from Mumbai, India, who was arrested on March 22, , for allegedly raping two girls since they were 12 and 9 years old. The Hartlib Circle was the correspondence network set up in Western and Central Europe by Samuel Hartlib, an intelligencer based in London, and his associates, in the period to Hasan Nizami was a Persian language poet and historian, who lived in the 12th and 13th centuries.
Hebrew astronomy refers to any astronomy written in Hebrew or by Hebrew speakers, or translated into Hebrew. Helena Rosa Wright 17 September — 21 March was an English pioneer and influential figure in birth control and family planning both in Britain and internationally. Hellenistic religion is any of the various systems of beliefs and practices of the people who lived under the influence of ancient Greek culture during the Hellenistic period and the Roman Empire c.
Henri Arnaut de Zwolle c. Henri Petit alias: Henri-Robert or Henry-Robert — was a French journalist, collaborationist under the Vichy regime, and far-right activist. Henry B. Yeats, Vol IV, ed. Henry Briggs February — 26 January was an English mathematician notable for changing the original logarithms invented by John Napier into common base 10 logarithms, which are sometimes known as Briggsian logarithms in his honour. Henry of Langenstein, also known as Henry of Hesse the Elder c. A herbal is a book containing the names and descriptions of plants, usually with information on their medicinal, tonic, culinary, toxic, hallucinatory, aromatic, or magical powers, and the legends associated with them.
Herman of Carinthia c. The Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn Ordo Hermeticus Aurorae Aureae; or, more commonly, the Golden Dawn Aurora Aurea was an organization devoted to the study and practice of the occult, metaphysics, and paranormal activities during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
The Hermetica are Egyptian-Greek wisdom texts from the 2nd century AD and later, which are mostly presented as dialogues in which a teacher, generally identified as Hermes Trismegistus "thrice-greatest Hermes" , enlightens a disciple. Hermeticism, also called Hermetism, is a religious, philosophical, and esoteric tradition based primarily upon writings attributed to Hermes Trismegistus "Thrice Great". This is a comparative religion article which outlines the similarities and interactions between Hermeticism or Hermetism and other religions or philosophies.
Hindi Granth Karyalay is an Indian publishing house and specialized book store dealing in books pertaining to Jainology and Indology in English, Hindi, Sanskrit, Prakrit and Apabhramsha. Jyotisha or Jyotishyam from Sanskrit, from "light, heavenly body" is the traditional Hindu system of astrology, also known as Hindu astrology, Nepalese Shastra, Indian astrology, and more recently Vedic astrology. A hippie sometimes spelled hippy is a member of a counterculture, originally a youth movement that began in the United States during the mids and spread to other countries around the world.
The history of art criticism, as part of art history, is the study of objects of art in their historical development and stylistic contexts, i. Astrological beliefs in correspondences between celestial observations and terrestrial events have influenced various aspects of human history, including world-views, language and many elements of social culture. Astronomy is the oldest of the natural sciences, dating back to antiquity, with its origins in the religious, mythological, cosmological, calendrical, and astrological beliefs and practices of prehistory: vestiges of these are still found in astrology, a discipline long interwoven with public and governmental astronomy, and not completely disentangled from it until a few centuries ago in the Western World see astrology and astronomy.
The systematic provision of learning techniques to most children, such as literacy, has been a development of the last or years, or even last 50 years in some countries. Although the earliest evidence of martial arts goes back millennia, the true roots are difficult to reconstruct. The practice of medicine and therapeutics in Cyprus has its roots into ancient times.
The history of pseudoscience is the study of pseudoscientific theories over time. In ancient history, the concepts of chance and randomness were intertwined with that of fate. The history of science in early cultures refers to the study of protoscience in ancient history, prior to the development of science in the Middle Ages.
For thousands of years, devices have been used to measure and keep track of time. Homosexuality is mostly a taboo subject in Indian civil society and for the government. A horoscope is an astrological chart or diagram representing the positions of the Sun, Moon, planets, astrological aspects and sensitive angles at the time of an event, such as the moment of a person's birth.
Horoscope is a ballet created in by Frederick Ashton with scenery by Sophie Fedorovitch and music by Constant Lambert. Horoscopic astrology is a form of astrology that uses a horoscope, a visual representation of the heavens, for a specific moment in time in order to interpret the inherent meaning underlying the alignment of the planets at that moment. Most horoscopic traditions of astrology systems divide the horoscope into a number usually twelve of houses whose positions depend on time and location rather than on date. House mark is originally a mark of property, later also used as a family or clan emblem, incised on the facade of a building, on animals, in signet and similar in the farmer and burgher culture of Germany and Scandinavia.
Hudibras is an English mock heroic narrative poem from the 17th century written by Samuel Butler. Hugo of Santalla was a significant translator of the first part of the 12th century. Humphrey Baker fl. Victor Humphry Knipe born is a sociology and history author, and adult film writer, director, and website administrator. Hungarian mythology includes the myths, legends, folk tales, fairy tales and gods of the Hungarians, also known as the Magyars.
Hypatia born —; died AD was a Hellenistic Neoplatonist philosopher, astronomer, and mathematician, who lived in Alexandria, Egypt, then part of the Eastern Roman Empire. Ibrahim Yousef Ibrahim Hazboun b. October 18, is a Palestinian astrologer who was born in Bethlehem city in the West Bank. Lovecraft in February Imre Lakatos Lakatos Imre; November 9, — February 2, was a Hungarian philosopher of mathematics and science, known for his thesis of the fallibility of mathematics and its 'methodology of proofs and refutations' in its pre-axiomatic stages of development, and also for introducing the concept of the 'research programme' in his methodology of scientific research programmes.
In astrology, the Imum Coeli Latin for "bottom of the sky" , IC, is the point in space where the ecliptic crosses the meridian in the north, exactly opposite the Midheaven. In Search of Science from Latin scientia, meaning "knowledge" is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe.
Indian mathematics emerged in the Indian subcontinent from BC until the end of the 18th century. The Indian Rebellion of was a major uprising in India between —58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. Inductivism is the traditional model of scientific method attributed to Francis Bacon, who in vowed to subvert allegedly traditional thinking.
Influenza, commonly known as "the flu", is an infectious disease caused by an influenza virus. Innumeracy: Mathematical Illiteracy and its Consequences is a book by mathematician John Allen Paulos about "innumeracy," a term he embraced to describe the mathematical equivalent of illiteracy: incompetence with numbers rather than words. Isaac ben Joseph ibn Pulgar was a Spanish Jewish philosopher, poet, and controversialist, who flourished in the first half of the fourteenth century. Isaac Bickerstaff Esq was a pseudonym used by Jonathan Swift as part of a hoax to predict the death of then famous Almanac—maker and astrologer John Partridge.
Isabel Losada is a British writer and former actress, singer, dancer, and television producer. Over the centuries of Islamic history, Muslim rulers, Islamic scholars, and ordinary Muslims have held many different attitudes towards other religions. Islamic art encompasses the visual arts produced from the 7th century onward by people who lived within the territory that was inhabited by or ruled by culturally Islamic populations.
John Whiteside "Jack" Parsons born Marvel Whiteside Parsons; October 2, — June 17, was an American rocket engineer and rocket propulsion researcher, chemist, and Thelemite occultist. Jacob Philadelphia was a Jewish magician, physicist, mechanic, juggler, astrologer, alchemist, and Kabbalist. Jacques Gaffarel Jacobus Gaffarellus — was a French scholar and astrologer.
Jai Madaan is an Indian astrologer, motivational speaker, and relationship counselor who is known for using face readings, numerology, palmistry, and tarot card readings. James Herbert "Herbie" Brennan born Ireland, 5 July is a lecturer and the author of over fiction and non-fiction books for adults, teens, and children. James R. Lewis born November 3, is a writer and academic specializing in new religious movements, astrology and New Age. James Randi born Randall James Hamilton Zwinge; August 7, is a Canadian-American retired stage magician and a scientific skeptic who has extensively challenged paranormal and pseudoscientific claims.
James Samuel J. Taylor January 20, — December 22, was a Canadian politician, printer and publisher. Jan Kefer b. The Javanese calendar Pananggalan Jawa is the calendar of the Javanese people. Jean Seznec 19 March , in Morlaix — 22 November , in Oxford was a historian and mythographer whose most influential book, for English-speaking readers, has been La Survivance des dieux antiques, , translated as The Survival of the Pagan Gods: Mythological Tradition in Renaissance Humanism and Art, Jean-Baptiste Morin February 23, — November 6, , also known by the Latinized name as Morinus, was a French mathematician, astrologer, and astronomer.
Jeane Dixon January 5, — January 25, was one of the best-known American self-proclaimed psychics and astrologers of the 20th century, due to her syndicated newspaper astrology column, some well-publicized predictions, and a best-selling biography. Jeremiah Horrocks — 3 January , sometimes given as Jeremiah Horrox the Latinised version that he used on the Emmanuel College register and in his Latin manuscripts , — See footnote 1 was an English astronomer. Gate Mudaliyar Jeronis de Soysa 19 April — 28 May was a pioneering Ceylonese entrepreneur and philanthropist.
Jerzy Sikorski born July 25, is a Polish historian, doctorate in history PhD , Copernicologist, medievalist, museologist, author, publisher, journalist, encyclopedist, and translator, who writes and publishes primarily in Polish. Jewish mythology is a major literary element of the body of folklore found in the sacred texts and in traditional narratives that help explain and symbolize Jewish culture and Judaism.
Joan M. Johann Baptist Fischart c. Johann Georg Faust c. Johann Jacob Zimmermann November 25, — was a German nonconformist theologian, millenarian, mathematician, and astronomer. Johannes Kepler December 27, — November 15, was a German mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer. Johannes Palmberg c. Johannes Trithemius 1 February — 13 December , born Johann Heidenberg, was a German Benedictine abbot and a polymath who was active in the German Renaissance as a lexicographer, chronicler, cryptographer, and occultist. Johannes Valentinus Andreae 17 August — 27 June , a. Johann, Hans or Johannes Virdung of Hassfurt was a celebrated astrologer of the early sixteenth century from the Electoral Palatinate.
John Case c. John Chamber May — August was a fellow of Merton College, Oxford, and later of Eton College, a clergyman of the Church of England and an author, especially on astronomy and astrology. John Dee 13 July — or was an English mathematician, astronomer, astrologer, occult philosopher, and advisor to Queen Elizabeth I. He devoted much of his life to the study of alchemy, divination, and Hermetic philosophy. John Dunstaple or Dunstable, c. John Frawley born 16 May in London, England is a traditional astrologer, writer and educator, who has been noted for practicality and directness of approach,Plumb, M.
John Gaule ? John Heydon 10 September — c. John Lambe or Lamb c. Sir John Mandeville is the supposed author of The Travels of Sir John Mandeville, a travel memoir which first circulated between and John Owen August was an English Nonconformist church leader, theologian, and academic administrator at the University of Oxford. John Partridge - c. John Pordage — was an Anglican priest, astrologer, alchemist and Christian mystic. John Senex , London — died , London was an English cartographer, engraver and explorer. John Townley born is a musician who was a member of the folk-rock group The Magicians from John Varley 17 August November was an English watercolour painter and astrologer, and a close friend of William Blake.
John Webster — , also known as Johannes Hyphastes, was an English cleric, physician and chemist with occult interests, a proponent of astrology and a sceptic about witchcraft. Jonathan Swift 30 November — 19 October was an Anglo-Irish satirist, essayist, political pamphleteer first for the Whigs, then for the Tories , poet and cleric who became Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin. Joseph Tiefenthaler or Tieffenthaler or Tieffentaller 27 August — 5 July was a Jesuit missionary and one of the earliest European geographers to write about India.
Journey of the Magi is a line poem written in by T. Eliot — Joyce Jillson December 26, — October 1, was a syndicated newspaper columnist, best-selling author, actress, and astrologer, whose column was syndicated worldwide in more than papers and magazines. Josephus Gerhardus Rulof February 20, — November 3, was a Dutch author who was known as a psychic and trance medium or spirit medium.
Juan Carlos Mesa May 15, — August 2, was an Argentine humorist, screenwriter, and director. Judah ben Nissim al-Malkah was a Moroccan, Jewish writer and philosopher living in the 13th century. Judicial astrology is the art of forecasting events by calculation of the planetary and stellar bodies and their relationship to the Earth. Judika Illes is an American author of esoteric non-fiction books, aromatherapist and tarot reader.
Judith Cook 9 July — 12 May was an anti-nuclear campaigner, historical novelist, journalist and lecturer in theatre at the University of Exeter.
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The gens Julia or Iulia was one of the most ancient patrician families at Ancient Rome. Julius and Agnes Zancig were stage magicians and authors on occultism who performed a spectacularly successful two-person mentalism act during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Julius Firmicus Maternus was a Latin writer and notable astrologer, who received a pagan classical education that made him conversant with Greek; he lived in the reign of Constantine I to AD and his successors.
June is the sixth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, the second of four months to have a length of 30 days, and the third of five months to have a length of less than 31 days. The Junto, also known as the Leather Apron Club, was a club for mutual improvement established in by Benjamin Franklin in Philadelphia. Jupiter is a Japanese visual kei symphonic metal band, formed in by four of the five members of Versailles. The Kabbalah Centre International is a non-profit organizationworldwide located in Los Angeles, California that provides courses on the Zohar and Kabbalistic teachings online as well as through its regional and city-based centers and study groups worldwide.
Kali Kaliyan in Tamil was the sixth fragment of the primordial manifestation of Kroni evil according to Akilam, the source of Ayyavazhi mythology and the holy book of Ayyavazhi religion. Karmic Astrology is practiced by some astrologers who believe in reincarnation though the concept of Karma is not always associated to Indian religions. Kedoshim, K'doshim, or Qedoshim — Hebrew for "holy ones," the 14th word, and the first distinctive word, in the parashah is the 30th weekly Torah portion parashah in the annual Jewish cycle of Torah reading and the seventh in the Book of Leviticus.
Kelvin Calder MacKenzie born 22 October is an English media executive and a former newspaper editor. The Kendall Band is a three-part musical sculpture created between and by Paul Matisse, who is the grandson of French artist Henri Matisse and stepson of surrealist artist Marcel Duchamp. Kepler College formerly Kepler College of Astrological Arts and Sciences is an online certificate program for the pseudoscientific study of astrology. Khana pron. Kishore Chauhan born is a man from Mumbai, India, who was arrested on March 22, , for allegedly sexually abusing his daughters since they were 12 and 9 years old.
Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District, F. A knuckle tattoo is a specific kind of tattoo that utilizes two groups of four-letter words, or one eight-letter word more or less in the rare case of the bearer having a different number of fingers on each hand. Krishnarjuna is a Telugu language film produced by M.
Kumari, or Kumari Devi, or Living Goddess — Nepal is the tradition of worshipping young pre-pubescent girls as manifestations of the divine female energy or devi in Hindu religious traditions. In last four decades he has written over books in Assamese language in different genres like Thriller, Social, Horror, Science Fiction, Children, Comedy, Adventure and considered as one of the most beloved writers of Assam. Lalla — CE was an Indian mathematician, astronomer, and astrologer who belonged to a family of astronomers.
LaRoseNoire is an Italian cultural association dealing with art, music and philosophy, founded in by Elisabeth Mantovani, astrologer, painter and expert of symbolic art mouvements, formed at the Academy of fine arts of Bologna. Laura Cereta September — , was one of the great female humanist and feminist writers of fifteenth-century Italy. Laurentius Paulinus Gothus November 10, — November 29, was a Swedish theologian, astronomer and Archbishop of Uppsala — Lauriston Castle is a 16th-century tower house with 19th-century extensions overlooking the Firth of Forth, in Edinburgh, Scotland.
Leo Martello September 26, — June 29, was an American Wiccan priest, gay rights activist, and author. Leonard Thurneysser 22 July — or ; also known as Leonard Thurneisser zum Thurn was a scholar and miracle doctor at the court of Elector John George of Brandenburg. Li Chunfeng — was a Chinese mathematician, astronomer, and historian who was born in today's Baoji, Shaanxi during the Sui and Tang dynasties. Li Yingshi referred to by Jesuits as Li Paul; fl. In astrology, the line of advantage is an imaginary line that connects the third decan of the third house to the third decan of the ninth house of the horoscope.
The following is a list of notable people educated at St John's College, Cambridge. This list of alumni of the University of St Andrews includes graduates, non-graduate former students, and current students of the University of St Andrews, Fife, Scotland. Asteroids in astrology The asteroids are relatively new to astrology, having only been discovered in the 19th century. This is an incomplete list of the different traditions, types, systems, methods, applications, and branches of astrology.
This is a partial list of artists active in Britain, arranged chronologically artists born in the same year should be arranged alphabetically within that year. The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri is a long allegorical poem in three parts or canticas : the Inferno Hell , Purgatorio Purgatory , and Paradiso Paradise , and cantos, with the Inferno having 34, Purgatorio having 33, and Paradiso having 33 cantos. A fictional book is a non-existent book created specifically for i. The following is a list of episodes for the British sitcom Game On that originally ran from to for three series.
In mythology, a lunar deity is a god or goddess associated with, or symbolic of the moon. Scientific activity in medieval Europe was maintained by the activity of a number of significant scholars, active in a wide range of scientific disciplines and working in Greek, Latin, and Arabic-speaking cultures. The following is an alphabetical list of the minor characters in the various versions of The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy, by Douglas Adams.
This is a list of notable Nicaraguan Americans, including both original immigrants who obtained American citizenship and their American descendants. The occult from the Latin word occultus "clandestine, hidden, secret" is "knowledge of the hidden". The following is a list of notable Old Greshamians, former pupils of Gresham's School, an independent coeducational boarding school in Holt, Norfolk, England. Outnumbered, a British television sitcom starring Claire Skinner and Hugh Dennis, was broadcast on BBC One from 28 August to 5 March for five series, and four Christmas specials have screened between and This is a list of notable people from Antwerp, who were either born in Antwerp, or spent part of their life there.
This is a list of prominent people who were born in the U. This is a list of notable people who have changed, adopted or adjusted their surnames based on a mother's or grandmother's maiden name. This is a list of people, living or dead, accompanied by verifiable source citations associating them with ankylosing spondylitis, either based on their own public statements, or in the case of dead people only reported contemporary or posthumous diagnoses.
This list of notable people with breast cancer includes people who made significant contributions to their chosen field and who were diagnosed with breast cancer at some point in their lives, as confirmed by public information. This is a list of prizes offered to anyone who can provide scientific evidence of paranormal abilities. This is a list of solved missing persons cases of people whose mysterious disappearances were notable and remained unexplained for a long time, but were eventually explained by their return or the recovery of their bodies, or the conviction of the perpetrator s responsible for their disappearances.
This is a list of characters that appear in the video game, anime and manga series, Tears to Tiara. This is a list of topics that have, at one point or another in their history, been characterized as pseudoscience by academics or researchers. This list of unsolved deaths includes notable cases where victims have been murdered or have died under unsolved circumstances, including murders committed by unknown serial killers. Jiddu Krishnamurti or J. Krishnamurti 12 May February was a writer and speaker on philosophical and spiritual issues.
A list of works by Lucian of Samosata c. Alfonso X of Castile, also known as Alfonso the Learned, ruled from until Literature of Kashmir has a long history, the oldest texts having been composed in the Sanskrit language. The people of Laos have a rich literary tradition dating back at least six hundred years, with the oral and storytelling traditions of its peoples dating back much earlier.
Locational astrology sometimes referred to as astrogeography or locality astrology is any of various types of astrology that factor in specific locations of the Earth. Lois Rodden 22 May - 5 June was an astrologer, astrological data collector and founder of Astrodatabank. Luca Gaurico in Latin, Lucas Gauricus Giffoni March 12, — March 6, in Rome was an Italian astrologer, astronomer, astrological data collector and mathematician.
Luciferianism is a belief system that venerates the essential characteristics that are affixed to Lucifer. Ludwig Straniak , was a German mystic, Germanic revivalist and most notably a pendulum dowser. The Lugares colombinos "Columbian places" is a tourist route in the Spanish province Huelva, which includes several places that have special relevance to the preparation and realization of the first voyage of Cristopher Columbus.
The luminaries were what traditional astrologers called the two astrological "planets" which were the brightest and most important objects in the heavens, that is, the Sun and the Moon. The term lunar effect refers to real or imaginary correlations between specific stages of the roughly A lunar mansion is a segment of the ecliptic often called a station or house through which the Moon passes in its orbit around Earth, often used by ancient cultures as part of their calendar system. In general, though not always, the zodiac is divided into 27 or 28 segments relative to the fixed stars — one for each day of the lunar month.
The lunar nodes are the orbital nodes of the Moon, that is, the two points at which the orbit of the Moon crosses the ecliptic. The Lymond Chronicles is a series of six novels written by Dorothy Dunnett and first published between and Lynne Kelly born is an Australian writer, researcher and science educator.
Thripunithura was an Indian actor who worked in Malayalam film. Macrobiology is the branch of biology that studies large living organisms termed Macro organisms that can be seen by the naked eye. Macrocosm and microcosm refers to a vision of cosmos where the part microcosm reflects the whole macrocosm and vice versa.
Madalyn Todd Aslan born October 5, is an American writer, astrologer, and palmist. Magi Astrology is a system of astrology introduced to the public by the Magi Society, its originator, through its three books published from Magic is a category in Western culture into which have been placed various beliefs and practices considered separate from both religion and science.
Rowling's Harry Potter series, magic is depicted as a supernatural force that can be used to override the usual laws of nature. The study of magic in the Greco-Roman world is a branch of the disciplines of classics, ancient history and religious studies. A magical organization or magical order is an organization created for the practice of magic or to further the knowledge of magic among its members.
Magick, in the context of Aleister Crowley's Thelema, is a term used to show and differentiate the occult from performance magic and is defined as "the Science and Art of causing Change to occur in conformity with Will", including both "mundane" acts of will as well as ritual magic. Magick Without Tears, a series of letters, was the last book written by English occultist Aleister Crowley — , although it was not published until after his death.
Mahendra Sharma born 4 September is a financial astrologer, Philanthropist, fund manager, author and a future and options market trader. In astrology, a malefic planet, or simply malefic, is a planet thought to bring bad luck and misfortune to those born within its radius. Maleficium plural: maleficia as a Latin term, "An act of witchcraft performed with the intention of causing damage or injury; the resultant harm.
The Malleus Maleficarum, usually translated as the Hammer of Witches, is the best known and the most important treatise on witchcraft. In Hindu astrology, Mangal Dosha is an astrological combination that occurs if Mars Mangal is in the 1st, 2nd Considered by South Indian Astrologers , 4th, 7th, 8th, or 12th house of the ascendant chart.
Mangal Raj Joshi — was the Royal Astrologer of Nepal, whose family worked for more than 20 generations for the Nepalese kings. The Mantegna Tarocchi, also known as the Tarocchi Cards, Tarocchi in the style of Mantegna, Baldini Cards, are two different sets each of fifty 15th-century Italian old master prints in engraving, by two different unknown artists.
In astrology, the day of the equinox is the first full day of the sign of Aries. Marcin Bylica c. The Marcosians were a Gnostic sect founded by Marcus, active in Lyon, France and southern Europe from the second to the 4th century. Marcus Manilius fl. AD — c. AD was a Roman biographer, writing in Latin, who in the early decades of the 3rd century AD wrote a series of biographies of twelve Emperors, imitating and continuing Suetonius.
Marnie Reed Crowell born in Grafton, Massachusetts is a conservationist, natural history writer and poet. Mars in Aries a literal translation of the German original title, Mars im Widder is the most widely known novel by the Austrian writer Alexander Lernet-Holenia. Marshall Herff Applewhite, Jr. May 17, — March 26, , also known as "Bo" and "Do", among other names, was an American cult leader who founded what became known as the Heaven's Gate religious group and organized their mass suicide in , claiming the lives of thirty-nine people.
Marsilio Ficino Latin name: Marsilius Ficinus; 19 October — 1 October was an Italian scholar and Catholic priest who was one of the most influential humanist philosophers of the early Italian Renaissance. Martial arts are codified systems and traditions of combat practices, which are practiced for a number of reasons: as self-defense, military and law enforcement applications, mental and spiritual development; as well as entertainment and the preservation of a nation's intangible cultural heritage.
Martin R. Martin Gardner October 21, May 22, was an American popular mathematics and popular science writer, with interests also encompassing scientific skepticism, micromagic, philosophy, religion, and literature—especially the writings of Lewis Carroll, L. Frank Baum, and G. Martin Lass born is an American violinist and astrologer, who has spent many years in Australia.
Martin Roger Seymour-Smith 24 April — 1 July was a British poet, literary critic, biographer and astrologer. According to "Pallas's Great Lexikon" Galeotti Galeotto Marzio Martius was a humanist, poet, philosopher,and astrologer in the 15th century. Matchmaking is the process of matching two or more people together, usually for the purpose of marriage, but the word is also used in the context of sporting events such as boxing, in business, in online video games and in pairing organ donors.
Matthew is the first verse of the second chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament. Matthew is the seventh verse of the second chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament. Maurice Woodruff 2 April — 28 January was an English clairvoyant and astrologer, born and raised in London. The Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization developed by the Maya peoples, and noted for its hieroglyphic script—the only known fully developed writing system of the pre-Columbian Americas—as well as for its art, architecture, mathematics, calendar, and astronomical system.
Maya codices singular codex are folding books written by the pre-Columbian Maya civilization in Maya hieroglyphic script on Mesoamerican bark cloth. Until the discovery that Maya stelae depicted kings instead of high priests, the Maya priesthood and their preoccupations had been a main scholarly concern. Mayanism is a non-codified eclectic collection of New Age beliefs, influenced in part by Pre-Columbian Maya mythology and some folk beliefs of the modern Maya peoples. Mazhamangalam Narayanan Namboodiri was a scholar, poet, astrologer and an author who lived in Peruvanam, Cherpu in Thrissur District, Kerala.
The McLaughlin Planetarium is a former working planetarium whose building occupies a space immediately to the south of the Royal Ontario Museum in Toronto, at Queen's Park. Medical missions in China by Protestant Christian physicians and surgeons of the 19th and early 20th centuries laid many foundations for modern medicine in China. The Medici column is a monument in Paris, France, located in front of the Bourse de commerce. Medieval Kannada literature covered a wide range of subjects and genres which can broadly be classified under the Jain, Virashaiva, Vaishnava and secular traditions.
Medieval Muslim Algeria was a period of Muslim dominance in Algeria during the Middle Ages, roughly spanning the millennium from the 7th century to the 17th century. Mega Man Star Force, known as in the original Japanese language version, is an anime and manga series based on the video game of the same name. Melvin James Lyman March 24, — March was an American musician, writer, and founder of the Fort Hill Community, which has been variously described as a family, commune, or cult.
The Melanchthon Circle was a 16th-century Lutheran intellectual network centred on the University of Wittenberg in Germany, and its leading theologian Philip Melanchthon. Melchior Cibinensis was a Hungarian alchemical writer active in the first part of the 16th century. Mellie Uyldert 31 May in Blaricum — 10 May in Bilthoven was a female Dutch New Age writer, alternative healer, occultist, and astrologer who published about 30 esoteric books, selling over a million copies, making her a recognized person in the Netherlands.
The Merina Kingdom, or Kingdom of Madagascar, officially the Kingdom of Imerina — was a pre-colonial state off the coast of Southeast Africa that, by the 19th century, dominated most of what is now Madagascar. Messala is a lunar impact crater of sufficient dimension to belong to the category of impact features known as walled plains. Meteorology is a branch of the atmospheric sciences which includes atmospheric chemistry and atmospheric physics, with a major focus on weather forecasting.
Innumerable methods of divination can be found around the world, and many cultures practice the same methods under different names. Michael J.
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